Frits Spanjaard (Netherlands 1889-1978)
Elm wood table for LOV. Netherlands. 1920s
W.H. Gispen (Dutch 1890-1981)
A model 5012 desk lamp in brass. Manufactured between 1931-38.
Franz Schuster (Austrian 1892-1972)
Modernist table designed by Viennese architect Franz Schuster during his time in Frankfurt as part of his Aufbau Möbel Programm (construction furniture range or ‘add-on-furniture’), which was furniture conceived as combination furniture for contemporary social housing.
In the mid-1920s, the Viennese architect and furniture designer Franz Schuster was called to Frankfurt together with other Viennese colleagues, including Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky. There Ernst May valued his expertise in the field of housing development. (Under the direction of Adolf Loos, he contributed to the design of several Vienna single-family housing estates and developed prototypes for residential houses and the so-called residential courtyards that still shape Vienna’s cityscape today). .
In Frankfurt, Schuster designed apartment buildings, schools, cinemas and swimming pools. But mainly he designed functional and space-saving type furniture for the compact housing estates and apartments of New Frankfurt.
Originally designed for Frankfurt settlements, the “add-on furniture” – forerunner of the modern Ikea system – quickly became well known and was sold well beyond the city limits until the 1930s / 65cm x 65cm x 50cm.
Marcel Breuer (Hungarian, 1902-1981)
B10 table for Thonet.
A modernist table composed of an eight section chrome plated frame supporting a wooden table top.
The B10 table was designed by Marcel Breuer in 1927 for his own company Standard Möbel, and since 1930 the design has been manufactured by Thonet under the same designation. This is an early production circa 1930s (although the top has been restored at some point) The colour is a very pale blue/green. There is no Thonet company badge/label.
67 x 74 x 74 cm
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Ko Verzuu (Netherlands 1901-1971)
ADO wooden toy chairs – Circa. 1930s
Between 1925 and 1955 influenced by the Dutch Modernist De Stijl painters and designers Ko Verzuu designed many children’s toys. His designs were inextricably bound up with innovations in art, health care and pedagogy in the first half of the 20th century. In 1920, the sanatorium Berg en Bosch was founded in the sanctuary on the outskirts of Apeldoorn. This sanatorium offered rest and care to tuberculosis patients.
Once patients had recovered from their illness, returning to regular working life often proved to be difficult. In order to prepare patients better for their reintegration, the sanatorium developed a modern treatment: occupational therapy.
One of the ways this took shape was in the production of wooden toys. These toys were given the name ADO; an abbreviation that initially stood for Arbeid door Onvolwaardigen (Labour by the Deficient), but was wisely changed to Apart Doelmatig Onverwoestbaar (Special Functional Indestructible) in 1962.
These chairs are examples of the more seldom seen larger scaled furniture made by ADO.